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کميته نجات پاسارگاد هيچ گونه وابستگی مذهبی و سياسي ندارد

24 مهر   1391 (2551 سال پاسارگارد)   15 اکتبر  2012

     
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29 اکتبر، 7 آبان

روز جهانی کورش بزرگ خجسته باد

 

The international day of Cyrus the Great,

 who declared the first charter of human rights in the world

 also known as Cyrus Cylinder

 لیست برخی از تقویم ها و نشریات و روزنگارهای جهانی که درباره  29 اکتبر روز ورود کورش به بابل، منشور او،   و یا روز کورش بزرگ نوشته اند

 

ویکی پدیا، برگرفته از تقویم گرگورین

که در آن به روز 29 اکتبر و ورود کورش به بابل و آزادی  مذهب و مکان به یهودیان

 اشاره شده است

 

 

 

برگرفته از سایت تاریخی اورب

که در آن به روز 29 اکتبر، ورود کورش به بابل و روز جهانی کورش اشاره شده است

برگرفته از سایت بازگشت به تقویم روزانه

که به روز جهانی کورش و منشور کورش و صدورش در بابل اشاره شده است

 

برگرفته از http://www.datesinhistory.com/oct29.php

که در آن به 29 اکتبر روز جهانی کورش بزرگ و ورود او به بابل اشاره شده است

 

 

برگرفته از  یک سایت

درباره روز 29 اکتبر، ورود کورش به بابل و دادن آزادی مذهب و مکان به یهودیان

 

برگرفته از کتابخانه دانشگاه آن لاین  ـ آموزش های انجیل

درباره کورش بزرگ و منشور او

http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/revelation/related-topics/babylons-historic-fall.html

 

http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=63445

 

برگرفته از یک نشریه مذهبی (مسیحی)

درباره کورش و اهمیت فرمان یا منشور کورش بزرگ

http://www.christiancourier.com/articles/264-cyrus-the-great-in-biblical-prophecy

 

درباره ورود کورش به بابل

http://homepaddock.wordpress.com/2011/10/29/october-29-in-history-3/

 

برگرفته ازویکی پدیا در ارتباط با کورش بزرگ

 و با اشاره به 29 اکتبر روز ورود کورش به بابل و صدور منشور او

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrus_the_Great

 

برگرفته از صفحه ی روزانه ی استراتژی در سايت  تاريخ نظامی جهان:

October 29th Military History

 

539

-BC- Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia

 

969

Byzantines capture Antioch from the Saracens

 

1467

Battle of Bruthem: Charles the Bold of Lorraine defeats Liege

 

1587

Battle of Vimory: French Catholics defeat the Huguenots

 

1591

Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti elected Pope Innocent IX (29 Oct-30 Dec 1591)

 

1790

Harmer's Defeat: After 11 days of Indian attacks, the entire US Army is almost destroyed

 

1861

Skirmish at Morgantown/Woodbury, Ky

 

1863

International Committee of the Red Cross formed: Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963

 

1914

Russia declares war on Turkey

 

1929

"Wall Street Lays an Egg."

 

1942

ALCAN Highway opens: motor road to Alaska frees shipping

 

1942

Nazis murder 16,000 Jews, Pinsk, Soviet Union

 

1943

USAAF subjects Rabaul to a major air raid.

 

1944

Breda liberated from the Germans

 

1956

Israeli paratroopers capture the Sinai passes

 

1957

Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Parliament

 

1994

Francisco Duran fires on the White House, attempting to kill Pres. Clinton

http://www.strategypage.com/military_history_oct.asp

برگرفته از بخش کتابخانه ی سايت مطالعات روزمره کتاب مقدس

Daily Bible Study Library

This Day in History: October 29

539 BC: Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) (see Ancient Empires - Babylon and Ancient Empires - Persia)

1618: Sir Walter Raleigh was executed at age 66 for alleged (but never proven) treason against King James I (of the King James Bible fame). Raleigh was a writer, statesman, explorer. He is noted for introducing potatoes and tobacco to England.

1682: William Penn arrived from England in what is today Pennsylvania, which was named after him.

1727: A (rare) severe earthquake struck the New England region of North America.

1814: The first steam-powered warship, the USS Fulton, was launched at New York. It was designed by Robert Fulton.

1889: The British South Africa Company, headed by Cecil Rhodes, was granted a charter by the British government. The charter gave extensive powers over the area which later became Rhodesia.

1911: Hungarian-born American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer died at age 64. The Pulitzer Prizes are named after him.

1922: Italian King Victor Emmanuel II called on Benito Mussolini to form a government.

1923: Turkey became a republic under its first president Kemal Ataturk.

1927: Russian archaeologist Peter Koz1off discovered the tomb of Genghis Khan in the Gobi Desert.

1929: Wall Street "Black Tuesday" marked the final collapse of the stock market and the beginning of the Great Depression.

1945: The first ballpoint pen went on sale.

1956: Israel invaded the Sinai in response to belligerent actions by Egyptian president Gamal Nasser, including refusing access of Israeli ships to the Suez Canal and Gulf of Aqaba, and forming a unified military command with Jordan and Syria. In the brief war that followed, Israeli, British and French troops landed in the Canal Zone. By the end of the conflict, Israel had conquered the whole of the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza. It was the second major Israeli-Arab war since the founding of the modern state of Israel. Known as the Sinai War, it was code-named Operation Kadesh by the Israelis - Kadesh is the place in the Sinai wilderness where the Israelites stayed for most of the 40 years after leaving Egypt during the Exodus while awaiting entry into the Promised Land (see Wilderness Journey)

1972: A "Black September" terrorist group hijacked a Lufthansa airliner as it flew over Turkey. They demanded the release of 3 of their members who were being held for the murders of Israeli athletes at the Olympics.

1998: John Glenn returned to space at age 77 aboard the space shuttle Discovery. His only other flight was on February 20 1962, over 36 years before.

http://www.keyway.ca/htm2005/20051029.htm

 

 

 

برگرفته از سايت رونالد بروس ماير، نويسنده، محقق و برنامه ساز راديو و تلويزيون در آمريکا

جريان فتح بابل بوسيله ی کورش بزرگ

Cyrus the Great Conquers Babylon (539 BCE):
The End of the Babylonian "Captivity"

By: Ronald Bruce Meyer

It was on this date, October 29, 539 BCE, that the city of Babylon fell to the army led by Cyrus the Great (576-7/529 BCE), Emperor of Persia.[1] The city of Babylon, located south of Baghdad in what is now Iraq, never lived up to its scarlet reputation: it was reviled by Christians as a sink of immorality, vice and depravity, based on its characterization in the biblical book of Revelation. This was the legacy of Babylon, during the Hebrew captivity, before it was conquered by Cyrus, told in delicious detail by the Greek historian Herodotus, who never saw the city. The description was later given a measure of currency by the usually careful historian Sir James G. Frazer.

Here is what Herodotus tells and Frazer repeats 2340 years later:

...at Babylon every woman, whether rich or poor, had once in her life to submit to the embraces of a stranger at the temple of Mylitta, that is, of Ishtar or Astarte, and to dedicate to the goddess the wages earned by this sanctified harlotry. The sacred precinct was crowded with women waiting to observe the custom. Some of them had to wait there for years.[2]

This lurid slander on the ancient city was lapped up by Christians eager to show their moral superiority to pagans. But here history gets in the way of mythology: Babylon is the soil in which the Hammurabi Code matured about 4,000 years ago, in a time when the Hebrews were illiterate polytheists. That code, which its author says was man-made, not handed down from any god, asserts more rights for women and more justice for working people than any code of law until modern times. Temple prostitution was sometimes known in ancient cultures, but not in Babylon: indeed, marriage-tablets discovered in archaeological research show that brides were commonly listed as virgins.

The Babylonians had their moral code and their religion including the belief that the gods would punish sin in this life which is a significantly better moral enforcer than the hell of the Christians who later sneered at the Babylonians. When Cyrus came calling, he took the city peacefully. Then he did something amazing: he let the people keep their religions and customs. He even sacrificed to their local gods. Cyrus was more administrator than tyrant over Babylon.

Temple of Marduk at Babylon
A reconstructed look at the Temple of Marduk at Babylon
Cyrus (probably) worshipped here.

Then, in as an act of piety, or as a shrewd political move, he released the Jews from their 70 years of "Babylonian Captivity." Whatever his motivation, Cyrus returned the idols and accoutrements of the many religions to their Babylonian devotees, including the Hebrews. It was a strange sort of captivity: Babylon was wealthy and cosmopolitan, and there the Hebrews learned literacy. After their release, during what we call the Post-Exilic period, they forged their best moral and ethical works, revised their history to erase most traces of their earlier polytheism, improvised a cult of Jahveh and a biography Moses, and generally created a justification for their priesthood.

Indeed, the story of the baby Moses, born in secret and set adrift on the Nile in an ark of reeds, who is fortuitously rescued and becomes a great leader (Ex. 2:2-7) was adapted from the Babylonian legend of Sargon of Akkad, the famous king of Mesopotamia! [3]

The "Whore of Babylon," which in the Book of Revelation (chapters 17 and 18) refers either to the Roman emperor, or to the power of the Roman Empire, cannot be taken literally to refer to the city of Babylon itself: there was no Christian community there until after the Revelation was written. And the Hebrews Cyrus released to return to Jerusalem? They considered Babylon so evil that most of the exiled Hebrews preferred to stay in "captivity": they had gotten used to a cultured community without the yoke of Yahveh!

[1] Some sources give this date as 538 BCE.
[2] Sir James George Frazer, The Golden Bough, 1900, chapter 31.
[3] Some Bible commentators put the birth of Moses (if he was not invented along with the rest of Hebrew history) at 1525 BCE clearly later than Sargon (2334-2279 BCE).

http://www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com/rants/1029almanac.htm


 


 

برگرفته از تقويم تاريخ در سايت توسکان ـ آمريکا

 

On This Date in History: October 29th

539BC Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh is executed in London
1682 William Penn lands
1727 Severe earthquake is recorded in New England
1787 The opera "Don Giovanni" is produced
1811 The first Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh headed for New Orleans
1833 The first US college fraternity to have a fraternity house is founded
1863 International Red Cross is founded
1889 Stanley Park is dedicated in Vancouver, BC
1894 The first election of the Hawaiian Republic
1904 The first intercity trucking service: Colorado City and Snyder, Texas
1911 Joseph Pulitzer dies in Charleston, SC
1920 Edward Barrow is named Yankee general manager
1923 Turkey is proclaimed a republic
1929 "Black Tuesday," Stock Market crashes and triggers "Great Depression"
1930 The first football game in eastern Canada played under floodlights
1932 The French liner Normandie is launched
1939 The Golden Gate International Exposition closes
1940 Secretary of War, Henry L. Stimson, drew the first number (158) in the first peacetime military draft in US history
1942 16,000 Jews are killed in Pinsk Russia
1942 The Alaska highway completed
1942 Branch Rickey is named president/GM of the Brooklyn Dodgers
1945 The first ball point pen goes on sale, over half a century after it was patented
1956 Chet Huntley and David Brinkley begin their broadcasting relationship
1956 The IDF crosses Egyptian territory in the Sinai
1956 The international zone of Tangier is returned to Morocco
1956 Israeli paratroopers drop into the Sinai
1957 A hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)
1960 A Chartered C46 carrying California State's football team crashes and kills 16 people
1960 Muhammad Ali's (Cassius Clay's) first professional fight: defeats Tunney Hunsaker in 6 rounds
1964 The Star of India and other jewels are stolen in NY
1964 Town of Karmiel is founded in the Galilee
1966 The National Organization of Women is founded
1975 The Yorkshire Ripper, Peter Sutcliffer, kills his first victim
1979 Billy Martin is fired as the Yankee manager
1982 Car maker John DeLorean is indicted for drug trafficking
1982 Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson release "The Girl is Mine"
1987 Woody Herman dies at age 74
1988 2,000 US anti-abortion protesters are arrested for blocking clinics
1988 China announces an herbal male contraceptive
1989 The NYC MTA opens the 63rd street extension to the subway
1990 30 people die in a 5.7 earthquake in Algeria

http://www.dotcomtucson.com/today_in_history/october-29.html

 


 

 برگرفته از تقويم سالانه ی  ويلسن

To the Book of Days main calendar

 

 

 

 29

539 BCE Babylon fell to Cyrus the Great of Persia.

437 Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, married Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This unified the two branches of the House of Theodosius.

969 Byzantines troops occupied Antioch Syria.

1061 Peter Cadalus (d. 1072), the Bishop of Parma,  was elected Pope (actually, Antipope) Honorius II.

1138 Death of Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, (Scheefmond), duke of Poland.

1422 Charles VII of France became king in succession to his father Charles VI of France. Charles VI (Charles the Well Beloved, or Charles the Mad) probably suffered from schizophrenia. At times he forgot he was king; he also heard voices and was known to physically assault even his closest supporters.

1467 Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeated Liege.

http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/book/oct29.html

 

برگرفته از تقويم روزانه اسکوپ سيستمز

SCOPE   SYSTEMS

On this day, October 29

539 -BC- Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia
1682 William Penn lands in what will become Pennsylvania
1727 Severe earthquake in New England
1787 The opera "Don Giovanni" is produced (Prague)
1811 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
1833 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded
1863 Intl Comm of the Red Cross founded (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
1867 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsizes off St Thomas Virgin Islands
1889 NY Giants (NL) beat Brooklyn (AA) in world series 6 games to 3
1889 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
1894 1st election of the Hawaiian Republic
1904 1st intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
1910 Bob Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks record 11 singles in a game
1920 Edward Barrow named Yankee general manager
1923 "Runnin' Wild" (introducing the Charleston) opens on Broadway
1923 Turkey proclaimed a republic (National Day)
1924 "Dixie to Broadway," opens at Broadhurst Theater
1929 "Black Tuesday," Stock Market crashes triggers "Great Depression"
1930 1st football game in eastern Canada played under floodlights
1932 French liner Normandie is launched
1939 Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure)
1940 Sec of War Henry L Stimson drew 1st number-158-in 1st peacetime military draft in US history
1942 16,000 Jews killed in Pinsk Russia
1942 Alaska highway completed
1942 Branch Rickey named president/GM of Brooklyn Dodgers
1945 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it was patented
1950 Wally Triplett avgs 735 yards on 3 kickoff returns
1956 Chet Huntley & David Brinkley, NBC News, team up
1956 IDF crosses Egyptian territory in the Sinai
1956 International zone of Tangier returned to Morocco
1956 Israeli paratroopers drop into the Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
1957 A hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)
1959 10 nation soccer league to play all games on NY Randalls Is, announced
1960 Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashes, kills 16
 


Holidays

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Cyprus : National Day
New Zealand : Labour Day-last Monday in October - - - - - ( Monday )
Turkey : Republic Day (1923)

 

http://www.scopesys.com/cgi-bin/today2.cgi


 

برگرفته از سايت انجمن غيرانتفاعی و فرهنگی شورای ميسولا

Missoula Arts & Humanities Coalition

SCOPE Update

Wednesday October 29, 2003

Today is Wednesday, October 29, the day in 539 BC that Cyrus the Great of Persia led his mighty army into Babylon now known as Iraq's Baghdad according to most historical accounts. That city had been captured earlier by Nebuchadrezzar II who reconstructed it into a splendid city, known as one of the "seven wonders of the world." He also razed Jerusalem and took the Jews into captivity at Babylon. Cyrus permitted the Jews to return to their homeland. Over the centuries Babylon was repeatedly occupied by hostile armies. So, what else is new? Well, this was a day that Sir Walter Ralegh, who was one of the earlier occupiers of America, would never forget. See why at ENDNOTE.

http://www.missoulacultural.org/scope/2003.10.29.htm

 

َAncient Greek Battles

29اکتبر در سایت یونان باستان

 

http://www.ancientgreekbattles.net/Pages/People/Cyrus.htm

 

برگرفته از سابت تاریخ اورب

History Orb

Historical Events

Results 1 - 1 of 1

Oct 29th BC - The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder

http://www.historyorb.com/date/529bc

 

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia:k-p

Geoffrey W. Bromiley - 1995 - Religion - 1080 pages
According to the Chronicle, in September, 539, Cyrus "did battle at Opis on ... Cyrus himself entered the city on October 29, greeted as a liberator by the ...

 http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig6/case7.html

کميته بين المللی نجات پاسارگاد

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